The controversy over “Kylie Jenner, self-made billionaire,” explained


People aren’t mad (maybe some are) that Kylie Jenner is a billionaire. They’re mad Forbes said she was self-made.


Being a billionaire is like being pregnant: You either are or are not. You either have a billion dollars or you don’t have a billion dollars. This seemed like a fixed fact until Forbes and Kylie Jenner called it into question.

Earlier this week Forbes published a story “America’s Women Billionaires” and made Jenner its cover woman, touting Jenner as a “self-made” rich person. “At 21, she’s set to be the youngest-ever self-made billionaire,” Forbes wrote. “Welcome to the era of extreme fame leverage.”

Jenner, according to Forbes’s estimated appraisal of her cosmetic company, reality television show, various sponsorships, and endorsements, has a $900 million empire that will soon reach the $1 billion mark. Her impending billionaire status isn’t in question. Rather it’s how Forbes labeled that status — saying that Jenner was self-made and including her in a group of “#SelfMadeWomen” — that drew rankling and groans from Jenner’s critics.

And the debate that has ensued has kicked off a bigger discussion about our perceptions of how people make money, how we value the Kardashians, and whether any of that is fair.

Forbes calling Jenner “self-made” has drawn a lot of criticism

The main gripe that many people had about Forbes’s lauding of Jenner’s financial savvy was its use of the phrase “self-made” with no cover mention of Jenner’s famous family.

Jenner, a nymph born when Zeus threw a track of hair extensions into a boiling ocean, is part of the inescapable and unavoidable Kardashian clan that has dominated television and pop culture for the last decade.

That domination was driven in large part, initially by Kim Kardashian West becoming a tabloid fixture and then a reality star. The now 11-year-old reality show Keeping Up with the Kardashians, along with its various spinoffs parlayed Kim’s fame into a family empire.

The Kardashian family’s various business ventures have all relied on or stemmed from Kim’s fame in one way or another. Her two sisters Kourtney and Khloe have become celebrities in their own right. The three women have launched a number of different Kardashian-branded projects, from clothing and makeup lines to retail stores. Kim also has a hugely successful and moneymaking video game. Kris Jenner, the matriarch, has fully leaned into her persona of America’s most successful “momager.” And Kris Jenner’s younger daughters, Kendall Jenner and Kylie Jenner, eventually got in on the action too. Kendall’s modeling career took off. And Kylie, in 2016, launched her cosmetic company, Kylie Cosmetics, which has become hugely successful.

The business model for the family’s various endeavors is predicated on the family’s fame. Fans want a piece of the sisters. Companies want to leverage their massive fan base, which extends to millions on various social media platforms. And products like those created by Kylie Cosmetics provide both.

Critics’ main argument about the Forbes story was that it was irresponsible for that magazine not to address how Jenner’s family’s fame helped her amass her fortune:

Calling Kylie Jenner self-made connotes a sense of empowerment and a narrative that Jenner lifted herself up by her bootstraps. But many observers were quick to argue that her successful company is not so much the result of being self-made but rather an extension of the already successful empire that’s driven by her sisters. If Kylie weren’t a Jenner and didn’t have Kim Kardashian as a half sister, her critics point out, her success would have been much harder to come by.

“It’s naïve, and lazy, to think a white woman born into fame and the upper classes — a woman with a famous last name, brand cache, a seemingly infinite amount of investment capital to play with, safety nets, and access to a tapestry of resources — is a model for the “self-made” success story that, to many, represents the American Dream,” wrote Emerald Pellot in Cosmopolitan.

But there’s another wrinkle to the story.

Kylie Jenner was born into privilege. But that’s the case for most billionaires.




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